A Beginner’s Guide To Growing Peas in the Vegetable Garden

Peas were one of the first crops to be cultivated by man. The wild pea was endemic to the Mediterranean region and early signs of the plant were also found in the Middle East.

The pea plant was largely distributed across Europe and then introduced to the new Western World through colonization.

Please read: This information is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended to treat, diagnose or prevent any disease. We encourage you to make your own health care decisions in partnership with a qualified health care professional.

This post contains affiliate links, this means at no extra cost to you, we make a commission from sales. Please read our Disclosure Statement

These early beginnings make the pea one of the easiest crops to grow and following this step-by-step guide will provide even the most amateur gardener with the skills to successfully grow peas.
 

 

Step 1 – Choosing Your Pea Plant Variety

Over the centuries of cultivating the pea, many different varieties have become available such as the sugar snap, snow pea and regular garden or English pea. These are the 3 main varieties to choose from.

The English Pea

The English or garden variety is the pea that we are most familiar with.

Also called shelling peas, the fibrous shell is not edible and only the seeds inside the pod are used for consumption.

The snow pea

The snow pea (also called mangetout or Chinese peas) are grown for their edible pod and are harvested early before the peas have time to fill out.

Sugar snap peas

Sugar snap peas on the other hand have an edible pod and pea and are hardier than the garden variety and probably the easiest to grow.

Your choice of plant will depend mainly on personal preference and how you plan to use your produce.

Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing peas for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting peas in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley

Step 2 – Choosing A Location for Growing Peas

Peas are hardy and can be grown in just about any climate however the plants do prefer partial to full sun exposure. Loamy soil with a neutral pH is also preferable.

If you are new to gardening, or want some support and knowledge getting a garden started, check out our Productive Gardener Course TODAY

Step 3 – Choose A Time To Plant your Peas

The best time of year to plant seeds is when the soil has just begun to thaw and is still cool but not too wet. Seedlings can be planted a little later when the soil is easier to manage.

Step 4 – Growing Peas from Seedlings

Seedlings can be grown from seed in containers and then transferred directly into the soil of your chosen location. They take about 6 weeks from sowing to time to transplant out.

Step 5 – Planting Peas

Ideally, seeds should be sown about 1 inch deep into the soil and spaced around 2 inches apart to make room for the growth of each individual plant.

Seedlings can be planted at the same depth and spacing. Peas are best planted in rows that are placed a minimum of 16 inches apart.

Step 6 – Staking Peas

Peas are climbing plants and will do best if they are provided with a platform or trellis that their tendrils can attach to, allowing it to climb upwards.

Stakes placed a few inches behind the plants and joined with lengths of string make the ideal climbing support for the pea plant. Fencing or chicken wire are also good support platforms for the pea plants.

Step 7 – Caring For Pea Plants

Peas plants do not require much watering or fertilizer.

In fact, they can be particularly sensitive to fertilizer that has a high nitrogen content as well as to over-watering.

Manure or bone meal which has higher concentration of phosphorous and potassium are more suitable to feed the plants. The spring rains should provide sufficient water for the plants so water sparsely.

Step 8 – When To Harvest Peas

Pea plants mature relatively quickly and you should be prepared to harvest within about 50 days of planting.

However, it is recommended to check the peas to determine when they should be plucked.

Garden variety peas will have filled out their shells fully and be easy to shell.

Snow peas are ready a little earlier and should be harvested while the skins are translucent in the sunlight.

Sugar snaps may also be ready to harvest a little earlier than your common garden variety peas.

Step 9 – Pests And Diseases

It is important to be aware of the pests and diseases that can affect the pea plant such as aphids and Fusarium Wilt.

Your local nursery can provide you with the best means to prevent and rid your crop of these pests.

Step 10 – Storage And Preparation of Peas

Garden variety peas should be shelled before storage or preparation for eating. The other varieties can be stored as is.

Eating the peas fresh from the garden is ideal but blanching and freezing is also recommended. The peas can also be dehydrated.

Growing peas in containers

Peas can also be successfully grown in pots following the same guidelines as above and ensuring that a trellis is provided for them to climb up. They will however need watered, especially while they are growing pods.

 

For further reading, I really recommend all of these books. I own every one of them and they are amazing resources!

 

Grow food from scraps that you would usually throw away with these handy kitchen hacks. Easy to grow foods that you can try to grow at home #piwakawakavalley
Here are some salad greens that you can plant now and have salad greens next winter! Perennial, self sowing and super tasty you should try these wild greens #forrage #piwakawakavalley
Here is the information you have been looking for! How to grow green beans, what is the difference between green beans and scarlet runner beans and are beans a good plant for beginner gardeners? Check out these helpful tips to get you started #vegetablegarden #getgrowing #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing cabbage for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting cabbage in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Growing potatoes in pots, a beginners guide to growing your own potatoes. You can grow spuds in pots, containers or tyres with great results. Find out how today! #piwakawakavalley #potatoes #vegeteablegarden
Learn these great gardening tips, from a seasoned gardener. Growing potatoes using the back to Eden method of gardening is by far the easiest way to get a good crop of potatoes for beginner gardeners. Follow this step by step guide to growing a good crop of spuds in your vegetable garden this season
Kale is one of the easiest vegetable plants for beginners to grow! Here are step by step instructions on how to grow it in your vegetable or herb garden, or even in pots or containers. Get the full easy instructions in this beginner gardener guide #vegetablegardening #piwakawakavalley
Spinach is one of the easiest vegetable plants for beginners to grow! Here are step by step instructions on how to grow it in your vegetable or herb garden, or even in pots or containers. Get the full easy instructions in this beginner gardener guide #vegetablegardening #piwakawakavalley
Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetable plants for beginners to grow! Here are step by step instructions on how to grow it in your vegetable or herb garden, or even in pots or containers. Get the full easy instructions in this beginner gardener guide #vegetablegardening #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing carrots for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting carrots in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing lavender for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting lavender in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing broccoli for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting broccoli in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Have you put off growing herbs in your garden because you don't know where to start? Here is some tips for beginners to growing your own herbs at home. #herbs #gardening #homesteading
Do you want to grow a garden, but aren't sure where to start? Our seed sowing guide for beginners with give you the tips on tricks you need to sow your own seeds

 

Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing peas for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting peas in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley

 

 

Leave a comment

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

Grab your freebies! Herbal Medicine eBook, Sourdough tips sheet AND a list of nitrogen fixing plants. Sign up for our Fresh From the Farm newsletter and get our exclusive content, discounts and updates. All goodness. No spam.

You have Successfully Subscribed!