The Beginners Guide to Growing Broccoli in the Vegetable Garden

Broccoli is one of the best plants for beginner gardeners to learn to grow in their vegetable garden. It is easy to grow, and fairly hardy.

Brassica oleracea italica is the botanical name for broccoli, which is a native plant to the Mediterranean.

Please read: This information is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended to treat, diagnose or prevent any disease. We encourage you to make your own health care decisions in partnership with a qualified health care professional.

This post contains affiliate links, this means at no extra cost to you, we make a commission from sales. Please read our Disclosure Statement

The plant was first engineered from one of the cabbage relatives by an ancient Italian civilization known as Etruscans.

These people lived in an area that is now known as Tuscany and were regarded as horticultural geniuses. Broccoli which is the English name for this plant was derived from “broccolo” an Italian word, which means “the flowering crest of a cabbage”.
 

 

Different Types Of Broccoli

The varieties of broccoli mainly differ in the size and shape of their heads, disease resistance, side-shoot production, and the time they take to mature. Here is a list of the more common types:

Sprouting Broccoli

Grown for its tender and long shoots, which is prepared in a similar way to asparagus.

Broccoli Raab

This broccoli is a branching rather than a heading type. The plant produces a number of small heads, rather than a single, central large head.

Chinese Broccoli

This is a form of an Asian green which is darker green, small in size and grows much faster. It also features a flavor that is stronger when compared to the western varieties.

RELATED POST: How to start a vegetable garden from scratch

Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing broccoli for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting broccoli in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley

How Easy Is Broccoli To Grow?

Broccoli is similar to growing other types of vegetables associated with the cabbage families.

In mid-winter, you can sow winter and autumn variety broccoli in seed trays somewhere out the frost and snow. A tunnel house or cold frame is perfect.

The plant first needs at least 3 to 4 leaves before you transplant them to your garden, which takes about 6-8 weeks.

Where To Plant Broccoli

Broccoli will grow best when exposed to full sun, yet it will still grow in shade that is light.

These plants prefer well-drained and rich soil along with a pH of between 6.5 and 7.5. It is recommended to work compost into your soil before you plant them.

If you are new to gardening, or want some support and knowledge getting a garden started, check out our Productive Gardener Course TODAY

How To Grow Broccoli From Seed

If you reside in a climate that is cold, with shorter growing seasons, it is better to start your seeds in a seedling tray indoors, or you can use a reliable seed-starting kit.

If on the other hand the climate you live in is warm, you sow your seeds into your garden directly.

You should also read over the seed packet and follow the suggested seed-starting method, well before you decide to plant your broccoli seeds.

When To Plant Out Your Broccoli Seedlings

If you have grown your seedlings indoors, you first need to wait until the seedlings have produced 3 to 4 sets of its true leaves before you decide to plant them out into your garden.

Broccoli is frost hardy which means you can plant them into a vegetable garden 2 to 4 weeks before the expected last frost date during the spring.

Harden the plants off by moving them out doors for increasing periods of time before moving them to their permanent position.

The seedlings need a spacing of about 12 to 24 inches between them.

Growing Broccoli In Containers

If you want to grow broccoli in containers, make sure the container is at least 8-inches deep.

Make sure the plants have a spacing of 18-inches or more between them.

Containers can warm up quickly and these plants are sensitive when it comes to heat, so make sure you move them into the shade on days that are very warm.

Common Broccoli Pests And Diseases

Insects like to eat broccoli plants just as humans do. Here are a few of the common diseases and pests that these plants are prone to:

Cabbage Worms

This pest is the larvae of butterflies or moths. These worms can result in serious damage when they are left to feed off the broccoli leaves.

Aphids

These soft-bodied, tiny insects feed from the underside of the leaves which cause them to wrinkle and discolor.

RELATED POST: Neem oil spray recipe

Flea Beetles

These black, ting insects leave multiple tiny holes all over the foliage. If left untreated these beetles have the potential to kill the seedlings and lower the yield associated with the mature plants.

Powdery Mildew

This leaves the plant looking like it has been dusted with a powder. The leaves are usually the first part affected which then move onto the head and the stems when not controlled.

Organically Protecting Broccoli From Bugs

To protect your young plants, cover your broccoli with floating row covers which will assist in protecting against root maggots, flea beetles and cabbage worms.

Barriers and paper collars positioned around each stem, on the soils surface, deters cutworms.

How Long Does It Take From Sowing To Harvest?

Most varieties of broccoli mature anything from 55 to 75 days after transplanting.

How Do I Know Broccoli Is Ready To Eat?

It is better to harvest your broccoli when buds are green and tight. If they have started to turn a shade of yellow, harvest immediately as the plant is getting ready to bolt.

Storing Broccoli

You can store broccoli in your refrigerator up to 10 days. Broccoli freezes well and retains most of the nutritional value when frozen directly from harvest.

 

For further reading, I really recommend all of these books. I own every one of them and they are amazing resources!

Grow food from scraps that you would usually throw away with these handy kitchen hacks. Easy to grow foods that you can try to grow at home #piwakawakavalley
Here are some salad greens that you can plant now and have salad greens next winter! Perennial, self sowing and super tasty you should try these wild greens #forrage #piwakawakavalley
Here is the information you have been looking for! How to grow green beans, what is the difference between green beans and scarlet runner beans and are beans a good plant for beginner gardeners? Check out these helpful tips to get you started #vegetablegarden #getgrowing #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing cabbage for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting cabbage in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing peas for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting peas in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Growing potatoes in pots, a beginners guide to growing your own potatoes. You can grow spuds in pots, containers or tyres with great results. Find out how today! #piwakawakavalley #potatoes #vegeteablegarden
Learn these great gardening tips, from a seasoned gardener. Growing potatoes using the back to Eden method of gardening is by far the easiest way to get a good crop of potatoes for beginner gardeners. Follow this step by step guide to growing a good crop of spuds in your vegetable garden this season
Kale is one of the easiest vegetable plants for beginners to grow! Here are step by step instructions on how to grow it in your vegetable or herb garden, or even in pots or containers. Get the full easy instructions in this beginner gardener guide #vegetablegardening #piwakawakavalley
Spinach is one of the easiest vegetable plants for beginners to grow! Here are step by step instructions on how to grow it in your vegetable or herb garden, or even in pots or containers. Get the full easy instructions in this beginner gardener guide #vegetablegardening #piwakawakavalley
Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetable plants for beginners to grow! Here are step by step instructions on how to grow it in your vegetable or herb garden, or even in pots or containers. Get the full easy instructions in this beginner gardener guide #vegetablegardening #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing carrots for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting carrots in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing lavender for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting lavender in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley
Have you put off growing herbs in your garden because you don't know where to start? Here is some tips for beginners to growing your own herbs at home. #herbs #gardening #homesteading
Do you want to grow a garden, but aren't sure where to start? Our seed sowing guide for beginners with give you the tips on tricks you need to sow your own seeds

Are you new to gardening? Here is the beginners guide to growing broccoli for your vegetable garden, in step by step fashion, everything you need to know about planting broccoli in your backyard #vegetablegarden #piwakawakavalley

 

 

 

 

Leave a comment